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Schema Therapy
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The 18 Schemas of Jeffrey Young’s Schema Therapy contextualized with Attachment Theory

Schemas are emotional beliefs/memories/predictions about self and world. In this article, we offer our definitions to the 18 early maladaptive schemas and our hypotheses on how they relate to the attachment styles. Most schemas will be categorized in terms of the dismissing/preoccupied dichotomy. Note that disorganized attachment implies both dismissing and preoccupied components. For that reason, all of the schemas can be found in disorganized attachment. However, the Mistrust/Abuse schema stands out as a defining schema of the disorganized attachment style. Insecure Attachment Emotional Deprivation: Deprivation of nurturance, attunement and…

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Tips on Creating a Safe Space for Imaginal Work

These tips on creating a safe space for practice were originally shared by a long-term Attachment Repair student in our Slack community.   I wanted to share my process and tips for building an imaginal safe space. I use this space as a foundation for all my attachment/schema work. Basically, that's where I prepare for the ‘main' work, and it's a container and location for imagery. I also use it to hunker down when I feel anxious or overwhelmed, and sometimes to help me fall asleep. The ‘safe space' work…

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The Schema Modes as They Relate to Attachment Styles

Disclaimer: These are my personal opinions. In this, I am drawing from Jeffrey Young’s work on schema therapy, and attachment theory more generally. I believe that the attachment styles can be viewed as clusters of schemas and modes; schemas  being beliefs about self and world, and the necessary behaviors (modes) that result from those beliefs. The modes represent the coherent behavioral manifestations of the schemas. Insecure attachment is associated with impaired emotional self-regulation. The coping modes are those emotional regulation strategies that avoid “an even greater suffering”, as Bruce Ecker…

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Schemas as they relate to Attachment Styles

This list is based on my perspective as to how Jeffrey Young’s ‘Early Maladaptive Schemas’ relate to insecure attachment. More info on the 18 schemas here: http://www.schematherapy.com/id73.htm   General Insecurity 11 - Insufficient Self-Control / Self-Discipline   Dismissing 3 - Emotional Deprivation (central) 4 - Defectiveness / Shame (central) 5 - Social Isolation / Alienation 10 - Entitlement / Grandiosity 17 - Unrelenting Standards / Hypercriticalness 18 - Punitiveness   Preoccupied 1 - Abandonment / Instability (central) 3 - Emotional Deprivation 6 - Dependence / Incompetence 7 - Vulnerability to…

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How to work through the schemas – step by step

Here is a brief guideline on how to work through the Schemas. Identify which schemas you have. We will have an assessment program available shortly, but until then you can get a sense for them by reading through a list of them. Pick the particular schema that you want to work on. Activate the schema and come into the mental state by bringing up auditory thoughts, image thoughts and body sensations and emotions that are associated with the schema. Then drop into your inner child and you allow for either…

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