- The 18 Early Maladaptive Schemas
- Emotional Deprivation Schema
- Abandonment Schema
- Mistrust / Abuse Schema
- Defectiveness / Shame Schema
- Social Isolation / Alienation Schema
- Dependence / Incompetence Schema
- Vulnerability to Harm or Illness Schema
- Enmeshment / Undeveloped Self Schema
- Failure Schema
- Insufficient Self-Control / Self-Discipline Schema
- Grandiosity / Entitlement Schema
- Subjugation Schema
- Self-Sacrifice Schema
- Approval-Seeking / Recognition-Seeking Schema
- Negativity / Pessimism Schema
- Emotional Inhibition Schema
- Unrelenting Standards / Hyper-Criticalness Schema
- Punitiveness Schema
- The Five Schema Domains
- Treatment Techniques
- Scientific Research
- Reading List
Modes in Schema Therapy
One of the key components of schema therapy is the concept of “Modes“. Modes refer to different states or ways of being that a person can experience. Each mode is associated with specific thoughts, feelings, behaviors, and physiological states. In schema therapy, the goal is to help individuals identify and change maladaptive modes that are causing distress or preventing them from reaching their goals.
There are several different types of modes in schema therapy, including:
- Child modes: These are states that are associated with the emotional and cognitive experiences of childhood. Examples include the “angry child” mode, the “vulnerable child” mode, and the “content child” mode.
- Maladaptive coping modes: These are states that individuals use to cope with difficult emotions or situations. Examples include the “avoidant” mode, the “overcompensator” mode, and the “self-sacrificer” mode.
- Healthy adult modes: These are states that are associated with healthy functioning and effective problem-solving. Examples include the “assertive” mode, the “empathetic” mode, and the “planful” mode.
In schema therapy, the therapist works with the client to identify the specific modes that are causing problems and to develop strategies for changing them. This may involve identifying triggers for certain modes, learning new coping skills, and working through unresolved emotional issues from the past.
Overall, modes play a central role in schema therapy as they provide a way to understand the underlying emotional and cognitive patterns that drive a person’s behavior and thoughts. With the help of the therapist, the client can learn to identify and change maladaptive modes and develop healthy coping strategies to improve their overall well-being.
How do schema modes relate to attachment theory?
Schema modes and attachment theory are both theoretical frameworks that explain how early experiences shape an individual’s emotional and cognitive patterns in adulthood.
Attachment theory suggests that the way an individual experiences care and attachment in childhood, shape their internal working models of themselves and others, which in turn influence how they behave in relationships throughout their lives. In other words, the way a child is cared for, and the quality of care they receive will influence the way they form and maintain relationships in adulthood.
Schema therapy, on the other hand, focuses on understanding how early emotional experiences shape an individual’s patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors in adulthood. Schemas are defined as deeply ingrained patterns of thought and behavior that are triggered by specific situations or emotions. These schemas are thought to be formed during childhood as a result of unmet emotional needs, traumatic experiences, or inconsistent care.
In schema therapy, modes are understood as different states or ways of being that are associated with specific schemas. Each mode is associated with specific thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that are triggered by certain situations or emotions.
The relationship between schema modes and attachment theory is that both concepts suggest that early experiences shape an individual’s emotional and cognitive patterns in adulthood. Attachment theory focuses on the way early experiences with caregivers shape an individual’s internal working models of themselves and others, while schema therapy focuses on how early emotional experiences shape an individual’s patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Both concepts suggest that understanding and addressing these early patterns can be beneficial in addressing emotional and psychological difficulties in adulthood.
Therefore, schemas can be seen as a specific manifestation of attachment patterns, where specific early experiences with attachment figures are internalized and shape the way an individual processes emotions, behaves and relates to others. In schema therapy, the therapist can work with the client to identify and change maladaptive schemas and modes that are associated with early attachment patterns, helping them to develop healthier ways of relating to others and themselves.