- The 18 Early Maladaptive Schemas
- Emotional Deprivation Schema
- Abandonment Schema
- Mistrust / Abuse Schema
- Defectiveness / Shame Schema
- Social Isolation / Alienation Schema
- Dependence / Incompetence Schema
- Vulnerability to Harm or Illness Schema
- Enmeshment / Undeveloped Self Schema
- Failure Schema
- Insufficient Self-Control / Self-Discipline Schema
- Grandiosity / Entitlement Schema
- Subjugation Schema
- Self-Sacrifice Schema
- Approval-Seeking / Recognition-Seeking Schema
- Negativity / Pessimism Schema
- Emotional Inhibition Schema
- Unrelenting Standards / Hyper-Criticalness Schema
- Punitiveness Schema
- The Five Schema Domains
- Treatment Techniques
- Scientific Research
- Reading List
The Negativity/Pessimism Schema
The Negativity/Pessimism schema is a psychological concept that refers to a set of beliefs and expectations about oneself, others, and the world that are characterized by a negative or pessimistic outlook. People with this schema may have a tendency to view events and experiences in a negative light, and may expect negative outcomes in their lives.
There are several key characteristics of the Negativity/Pessimism schema. These include:
- A negative or pessimistic outlook: People with this schema may view events and experiences in a negative light and may expect negative outcomes in their lives.
- Difficulty seeing the positive side of things: The negative outlook may make it difficult for people with this schema to see the positive side of things and to find hope or optimism in difficult situations.
- A tendency to blame oneself for negative outcomes: People with this schema may have a tendency to blame themselves for negative outcomes, even when they are not at fault.
- Difficulty with self-worth: The negative outlook may contribute to feelings of low self-worth, as people with this schema may believe that they are not worthy of positive experiences or outcomes.
The Negativity/Pessimism schema can have a significant impact on a person’s relationships and can make it difficult for them to form and maintain healthy, fulfilling connections with others. It can also contribute to the development of other psychological issues, such as depression and anxiety. It is important for people with this schema to work on developing a more positive outlook and on learning to see the good in their lives.
How does the Negativity/Pessimism Schema relate to Attachment Theory?
The Negativity/Pessimism schema is related to attachment theory, which is a psychological theory that explains how people form and maintain emotional bonds with others. According to attachment theory, people develop internal working models of attachment based on their early experiences with caregivers, which then shape their behavior in future relationships.
The Negativity/Pessimism schema can be seen as an example of an insecure attachment style, specifically an anxious attachment style. People with an anxious attachment style tend to have a negative view of themselves and a strong need for reassurance from others. They may also have a fear of abandonment and a tendency to become excessively clingy or demanding in relationships.
The Negativity/Pessimism schema can be thought of as a specific type of anxious attachment style that is characterized by a negative or pessimistic outlook and a tendency to expect negative outcomes in one’s life. This schema can influence how people feel about themselves and their relationships with others.