Buddhist Practices

Reading List

Here are a selection books, research papers, and essays covering Brahma Viharas related topics for individuals seeking to deepen their understanding of the four qualities of the mind:


  1. The Heart of the Buddha’s Teaching by Thich Nhat Hanh – Introduction to the Four Brahma Viharas, mindfulness and compassion practices in Buddhism.
  2. Radiant Mind: Essential Buddhist Teachings and Texts by Peter Harvey – A comprehensive guide to Buddhist teachings and practices, including Brahma Viharas.
  3. The Four Immeasurables: Cultivating a Boundless Heart by B. Alan Wallace – Explores the practice of Brahma Viharas as a path to developing a compassionate and loving heart.
  4. The Art of Power by Thich Nhat Hanh – Discusses the use of Brahma Viharas as a means of transforming conflicts and conflicts in personal and professional life.
  5. Buddhist Meditation and the Modern World by Linda Walbridge – Examines the role of Brahma Viharas in Buddhist meditation practices and their relevance in contemporary society.
  6. Awakening the Heart: East-West Approaches to Psychotherapy and the Healing Relationship by John Welwood – Integrates Eastern spiritual practices, including Brahma Viharas, into Western psychotherapy and therapy relationships.
  7. The Path of Compassion: Living Buddhist Ethics by Freda Bedi – A practical guide to living a compassionate life in the Buddhist tradition, including the practice of Brahma Viharas.
  8. Lovingkindness: The Revolutionary Art of Happiness by Sharon Salzberg – Explores the practice of metta (loving-kindness), one of the Brahma Viharas, as a path to greater well-being and happiness.
  9. The Power of Metta: A Guide to Loving-Kindness Meditation by Shan Sinha – A practical guide to the meditation practice of metta and its role in developing compassion and reducing attachment.
  10. The Four Immeasurables: Cultivating a Limitless Heart edited by Jean Smith – Collection of teachings and practices related to Brahma Viharas, including metta, compassion, empathetic joy and equanimity.

Research Papers & Essays:

  1. The Effect of Loving-Kindness Meditation on Interpersonal Attachment by J. A. Fredrickson, Mindfulness – An investigation of the impact of metta meditation on attachment styles and interpersonal relationships.
  2. The Brahma Viharas and the Reduction of Anxiety and Depression: A Pilot Study by K. P. S. Iyengar, Journal of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy – A pilot study investigating the potential of Brahma Viharas practice in reducing symptoms of anxiety and depression.
  3. The Brahma Viharas as a Path of Awakening by B. Alan Wallace, Journal of Buddhist Ethics – An examination of the Brahma Viharas as a path of spiritual awakening in Buddhism.
  4. The Brahma Viharas and Emotional Well-being: A Study of Theravada Buddhist Monks in Thailand by Prapassorn Chaiyawat, Journal of Positive Psychology – A empirical study of the relationship between the practice of Brahma Viharas and emotional well-being in Thai Buddhist monks.
  5. Loving-Kindness Meditation and Attachment Issues by Bob Stahl and Elisha Goldstein, The Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy – An exploration of the relationship between metta (loving-kindness) meditation and reducing attachment in individuals with attachment issues.
  6. The Brahma Viharas and the Development of Empathy and Compassion in Psychotherapy by Sandra Wieland, Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training – An examination of the role of Brahma Viharas in developing empathy and compassion in psychotherapy.
  7. Brahma Viharas and Mental Health: A Study of Theravada Buddhist Practitioners in Sri Lanka by Shanika Wijesekera, Journal of Mental Health – A empirical study of the relationship between Brahma Viharas practice and mental health in Sri Lankan Theravada Buddhist practitioners.
  8. The Brahma Viharas and Cultivating Emotional Intelligence by B. C. Wallace, Emotional Intelligence – An examination of the role of Brahma Viharas in developing emotional intelligence and emotional regulation.
  9. Brahma Viharas and Mindful Parenting: A Study of Thai Buddhist Mothers by N. P. Soonthorndhada, Journal of Parenting and Child Development – An empirical study of the impact of Brahma Viharas practice on mindful parenting in Thai Buddhist mothers.
  10. Brahma Viharas, Forgiveness and Mental Health: A Study of Buddhist Practitioners in Indonesia by S. M. Santosa, International Journal of Mental Health and Wellbeing – An investigation of the relationship between Brahma Viharas, forgiveness, and mental health in Indonesian Buddhist practitioners.